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Food Intolerance Chart Symptoms Causes And Management Strategies

Food intolerance is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the body has difficulty digesting certain foods or components found in food, resulting in uncomfortable symptoms such as bloating, cramping, and diarrhea.

Unlike food allergies, food intolerance does not involve the immune system and is typically not life-threatening. The severity of symptoms can vary greatly from person to person, making it important to understand the triggers and management strategies.

In this article, we will discuss the common symptoms of food intolerance, its causes, and effective management strategies to help individuals better manage their condition and improve their overall quality of life.

What is Food Intolerance?

Food intolerance occurs when the body has difficulty digesting certain foods or components found in food. It is a non-allergic reaction that does not involve the immune system, unlike food allergies. The inability to break down certain foods or substances can lead to uncomfortable symptoms, such as bloating, cramping, and diarrhea.

There are several types of food intolerance, including lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance, and fructose malabsorption. These are some of the most common types, but there are many other food components that can cause intolerance in individuals.

Lactose intolerance is a condition where the body does not produce enough lactase, an enzyme responsible for breaking down lactose found in dairy products.

Gluten intolerance is also known as non-celiac gluten sensitivity. It occurs when the body has difficulty digesting gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Individuals with this condition may experience symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and fatigue after consuming gluten-containing foods.

Fructose malabsorption is a condition where the body has difficulty absorbing fructose, a type of sugar found in fruits and vegetables. This can lead to symptoms such as bloating, gas, and abdominal pain.

Symptoms of Food Intolerance

Symptoms, Signs, Food Intolerance
Symptoms, Signs, Food Intolerance

There are a wide range of symptoms associated with food intolerance, and the severity can vary greatly from person to person. Some common symptoms include:

Bloating

Bloating is a common symptom of food intolerance and occurs when the abdomen becomes swollen due to an excess build-up of gas or fluids. It can make individuals feel uncomfortable, full, or tight in their stomach.

Bloating often occurs as a result of difficulty digesting certain foods or components found in food. This can cause fermentation and gas production in the gut, leading to the feeling of bloating.

For individuals with lactose intolerance, consuming dairy products can cause bloating due to the body’s inability to break down lactose. Similarly, fructose malabsorption can lead to bloating after consuming fruits or vegetables high in fructose.

Bloating may also be accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pain, cramping, and gas. It is important to identify the trigger food or substance and avoid it in order to alleviate bloating and other related symptoms.

Additionally, incorporating probiotic-rich foods such as yogurt, kefir, or sauerkraut into the diet can help improve gut health and reduce bloating. Drinking plenty of water and staying physically active can also aid in digestion and minimize bloating.

Abdominal pain or cramping

Abdominal pain or cramping is another common symptom of food intolerance. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and can be accompanied by bloating, gas, and diarrhea. The pain may be localized in a specific area or spread throughout the abdomen.

This type of pain occurs when the body struggles to break down certain foods or components, causing inflammation and irritation in the digestive system.

For individuals with gluten intolerance, consuming foods containing gluten can trigger abdominal pain or cramping due to the body’s inability to digest gluten properly. Similarly, lactose intolerance can also cause these symptoms when dairy products are consumed.

To manage this symptom, it is important to identify the trigger food or substance and eliminate it from the diet. Additionally, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods such as ginger, turmeric, and omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation and alleviate abdominal pain or cramping.

In some cases, a low-FODMAP diet may be recommended by a healthcare professional to identify specific food triggers and minimize digestive symptoms. This involves eliminating certain types of carbohydrates that are known to cause digestive distress in some individuals.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a common symptom of food intolerance and can range from mild to severe. It is characterized by loose or watery stools and often occurs when the body has difficulty digesting certain foods or components.

Individuals with lactose intolerance may experience diarrhea after consuming dairy products, while those with gluten intolerance may experience it after eating foods containing gluten.

Diarrhea can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, so it is important to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and consuming foods high in electrolytes such as bananas, spinach, and coconut water.

In addition to avoiding trigger foods, incorporating probiotic-rich foods into the diet can also help improve gut health and reduce episodes of diarrhea. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can help balance the gut microbiota and improve digestion.

In severe cases, a healthcare professional may recommend an elimination diet to identify specific food triggers and alleviate symptoms of diarrhea. This involves eliminating certain foods or food groups for a period of time and gradually reintroducing them to determine which ones are causing digestive distress.

Nausea

Nausea is a common symptom of food intolerance and can range from mild to severe. It is characterized by a feeling of discomfort in the stomach and the urge to vomit.

Nausea may occur as a result of difficulty digesting certain foods or components, leading to inflammation and irritation in the digestive system. This can happen with lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance, or fructose malabsorption.

In addition to avoiding trigger foods, incorporating ginger into the diet can help alleviate nausea. Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and can aid in digestion, making it a natural remedy for digestive discomfort.

Drinking plenty of water and staying hydrated can also help reduce episodes of nausea. In some cases, a healthcare professional may recommend anti-nausea medication to manage symptoms.

It is important to identify and eliminate trigger foods from the diet in order to reduce episodes of nausea. If symptoms persist or worsen, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and treatment.

Vomiting

Vomiting is a less common but possible symptom of food intolerance. It occurs when the body forcefully expels the contents of the stomach through the mouth.

Like nausea, vomiting may occur when the body struggles to digest certain foods or components, leading to inflammation and irritation in the digestive system. This can happen with lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance, or other food intolerances.

To manage this symptom, it is important to identify and eliminate trigger foods from the diet. It is also crucial to stay hydrated and replenish electrolytes lost through vomiting. Consuming clear fluids such as water, broth, or electrolyte-replacement drinks can help with hydration.

In severe cases, a healthcare professional may recommend anti-emetic medication to alleviate vomiting. It is important to seek medical attention if vomiting persists or is accompanied by other concerning symptoms.

Headaches/migraines

Headaches or migraines can also be symptoms of food intolerance. These types of headaches are often referred to as “food-induced” or “food-related” headaches.

Certain foods, such as processed meats, artificial sweeteners, and aged cheese, contain substances that can trigger headaches in sensitive individuals. This is due to the release of certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin and histamine.

To manage this symptom, it is important to identify trigger foods and eliminate them from the diet. Keeping a food diary can help pinpoint which foods may be causing headaches or migraines.

In addition to avoiding trigger foods, incorporating magnesium-rich foods into the diet may also help reduce the frequency and intensity of headaches. Magnesium is a mineral that plays a role in regulating nerve and muscle function, which can help alleviate headaches.

In some cases, a healthcare professional may recommend an elimination diet to identify specific food triggers and alleviate symptoms of headaches or migraines. This involves eliminating certain foods or food groups for a period of time and gradually reintroducing them to determine which ones are causing the symptoms.

Fatigue or brain fog

Fatigue or brain fog can also be symptoms of food intolerance. These symptoms occur when the body has difficulty digesting certain foods, leading to inflammation and malabsorption of nutrients.

In addition to avoiding trigger foods, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods into the diet can help reduce fatigue and improve cognitive function. Foods such as fatty fish, leafy greens, and nuts are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants that can help reduce inflammation in the body.

Vitamin B12 deficiency is also common in individuals with food intolerance, which can contribute to fatigue. Incorporating foods high in vitamin B12 such as eggs, dairy products, and fortified cereals can help alleviate symptoms of fatigue.

In more severe cases, a healthcare professional may recommend a food sensitivity test to identify specific food triggers and help develop a personalized nutrition plan.

 

 

Why it is important to manage food intolerance symptoms

Managing food intolerance symptoms is crucial for maintaining overall health and well-being. When left unmanaged, these symptoms can significantly impact daily life and potentially lead to more serious health complications.

For example, diarrhea and vomiting can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, which can be dangerous if not addressed promptly. Severe or chronic diarrhea can also lead to malnutrition and weight loss.

Nausea, vomiting, headaches/migraines, and fatigue/brain fog can significantly impact quality of life and interfere with daily activities. These symptoms can also contribute to mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.

Furthermore, unmanaged food intolerance symptoms can lead to long-term damage to the digestive system. Chronic inflammation and irritation in the digestive tract can increase the risk of developing conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Managing food intolerance symptoms also allows individuals to identify their trigger foods and make necessary dietary changes. This not only helps alleviate symptoms but also promotes a healthier and more balanced diet.

Causes and risk factors of food intolerance

Causes,risk, food intolerance
Causes,risk, food intolerance

Food intolerance occurs when the body has difficulty digesting certain foods or components. Here are some common causes and risk factors of food intolerance:

Enzyme deficiencies

Enzymes play a crucial role in breaking down food components for proper digestion and absorption. When there is a deficiency or lack of certain enzymes, the body may struggle to digest specific foods, leading to symptoms of food intolerance.

For example, lactose intolerance occurs when the body does not produce enough lactase enzyme to break down lactose (milk sugar). This can lead to symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea after consuming dairy products.

Some individuals may also have deficiencies in enzymes responsible for breaking down other components such as gluten or fructose, leading to intolerance of these substances.

Genetic factors

Certain genetic factors can also contribute to food intolerance. For example, lactose intolerance is more prevalent among certain ethnicities and can be inherited from parents.

Other genetic conditions such as celiac disease, a genetic autoimmune disorder that causes intolerance to gluten, may also increase the risk of developing food intolerances. Plus, individuals with a family history of allergies or food intolerances may be more likely to experience similar issues themselves.

Age and gender

Age and gender can also play a role in the development of food intolerance. As we age, our bodies naturally produce less digestive enzymes, making it more challenging for some individuals to digest certain foods.

Gender may also play a role in the development of food intolerance, as studies have shown that women are more likely to experience certain types of food intolerances than men. This may be due to hormonal differences or genetic predispositions.

Plus, women may also be more likely to develop food intolerances during pregnancy due to changes in hormone levels and the body’s ability to digest certain foods.

Lifestyle factors

Lifestyle factors such as stress and lack of exercise can contribute to the development of food intolerance. Chronic stress can disrupt the digestive system and lead to inflammation, making it more difficult for the body to digest certain foods.

Additionally, a sedentary lifestyle can also impact digestion and increase the risk of food intolerance. Regular exercise helps stimulate the digestive system and promotes overall digestive health.

Plus, making poor dietary choices and consistently eating trigger foods can also lead to the development of food intolerance over time. Repeated exposure to these trigger foods may cause the body to become more sensitive and reactive, leading to symptoms of food intolerance.

Medications and medical conditions

Certain medications or underlying medical conditions can increase the risk of developing food intolerance. For example, individuals with digestive disorders such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis may experience food intolerances due to inflammation and damage in the digestive tract.

Some medications may also affect digestion and nutrient absorption, leading to food intolerance symptoms. It is essential to speak with a healthcare provider about any potential interactions between medication and diet.

Additionally, individuals with a weakened immune system may also be more likely to experience food intolerances, as the body may struggle to properly digest and process certain foods. This can be due to conditions such as HIV, autoimmune disorders, or cancer.

So these are some of the most common causes and risk factors for food intolerance. It is essential to address any symptoms and seek medical advice if necessary to properly manage food intolerances and maintain overall health and well-being. By understanding these factors, individuals can make informed decisions about their diet and lifestyle to prevent or manage food intolerance effectively.

 

 

Does food intolerance impact everyone the same way?

While food intolerance can cause similar symptoms in individuals, it does not necessarily affect everyone the same way. Some people may experience severe reactions to trigger foods, while others may only have mild symptoms.

Additionally, factors such as age, gender, and overall health can impact how an individual responds to food intolerance. For example, older individuals or those with underlying medical conditions may have a more difficult time managing their symptoms compared to younger, healthier individuals.

Furthermore, the severity and type of food intolerance can also vary within an individual. For example, someone with lactose intolerance may be able to tolerate small amounts of dairy but experience severe symptoms after consuming a larger portion.

Additionally, certain foods may cause different reactions in different individuals. While one person may experience bloating and gas after eating gluten, another may have skin rashes or joint pain.

It is also essential to note that food intolerance is not the same as a food allergy. Food allergies involve an immune response and can be life-threatening, while food intolerances typically do not cause severe reactions.

Also, food intolerance can change over time. Some people may be able to reintroduce trigger foods after eliminating them from their diet for a period of time, while others may develop new intolerances as they age.

Management Strategies of Food Intolerance

Management, Food Intolerance
Management, Food Intolerance

There are various management strategies individuals can use to manage food intolerance and reduce symptoms. Here are a few examples:

Elimination Diet

Elimination diet involves removing potential trigger foods from the diet and slowly reintroducing them to identify which foods may be causing symptoms. This method allows individuals to pinpoint specific intolerances and make necessary dietary changes.

For example, someone with lactose intolerance may eliminate dairy products for a few weeks and then gradually add them back in small amounts to see if they experience symptoms. If no symptoms occur, they may be able to tolerate small amounts of dairy without discomfort.

Plus, elimination diets can also help identify other potential food intolerances that may not be as obvious. It is essential to work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian when implementing an elimination diet to ensure proper nutrition and avoid missing out on necessary nutrients.

Keeping a Food Diary

Keeping a detailed food diary can help individuals track their symptoms and identify trigger foods. By writing down all the meals and snacks consumed and any symptoms experienced, patterns can be recognized.

This method is especially helpful for those with multiple food intolerances or sensitivities as it allows them to see how different foods may affect their body. It is also a useful tool when working with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to determine the best course of action.

Also, a food diary can help individuals make connections between their diet and symptoms that may not have been previously recognized. For example, someone may notice increased bloating after consuming certain types of processed foods or artificial sweeteners.

Working with a Registered Dietitian

A registered dietitian can provide personalized guidance for managing food intolerances and ensuring proper nutrition. They can create a tailored meal plan that avoids trigger foods while still providing essential nutrients.

Additionally, a registered dietitian can help individuals navigate food labels and identify potential hidden sources of trigger foods. This is especially helpful for those with multiple food intolerances or allergies.

A dietitian may also recommend supplements or alternative sources of nutrients to ensure an individual’s nutritional needs are met despite dietary restrictions.

Trying Probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can help promote a healthy gut microbiome and aid in digestion. Some studies have shown that taking probiotic supplements or consuming probiotic-rich foods may improve symptoms of food intolerance, such as bloating and gas.

However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting probiotic supplementation, as some strains may not be suitable for individuals with certain health conditions or allergies.

Additionally, incorporating probiotic-rich foods into the diet, such as yogurt, kefir, kombucha, and sauerkraut, can also provide similar benefits.

Mindful Eating Practices

Practicing mindful eating involves being present and paying attention to the experience of eating. This can help individuals become more aware of their body’s signals and recognize how different foods may affect them.

Some mindful eating practices for managing food intolerance include:

  • Eating slowly and chewing thoroughly to aid digestion
  • Paying attention to portion sizes to avoid consuming too much of a trigger food
  • Choosing whole, unprocessed foods instead of highly processed ones
  • Listening to the body’s hunger and fullness signals to prevent overeating or under-eating
  • Being aware of emotional eating triggers and finding healthier ways to cope.

Seeking Medical Advice and Treatment

If symptoms of food intolerance are severe or significantly impacting an individual’s quality of life, it is essential to seek medical advice. A healthcare professional may recommend medication or other treatments to manage symptoms and improve overall health.

Additionally, if symptoms are similar to those of a food allergy, it is crucial to consult with an allergist for proper testing and diagnosis. This can prevent potentially life-threatening reactions in the future.

Also, some underlying health conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or celiac disease, can cause food intolerance symptoms. A healthcare professional can help diagnose and treat these conditions to improve overall health and manage food intolerance symptoms.

And finally, it is crucial to follow medical advice and treatment plans prescribed by healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcome and manage food intolerance successfully. With proper management strategies in place, individuals can still enjoy a varied and nutritious diet while managing their food intolerances. Consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized guidance and support in implementing these strategies.

Does an Elimination Diet Work for Everyone?

It is important to note that an elimination diet may not work for everyone, and it should always be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional or registered dietitian. This method can be challenging to follow and may take several weeks or months before results are seen.

Additionally, some food intolerances may not manifest in obvious symptoms, making it difficult to identify trigger foods through an elimination diet alone. In these cases, keeping a food diary and working with a healthcare professional may be more effective in identifying intolerances.

Moreover, eliminating whole food groups or essential nutrients from the diet can lead to deficiencies and other health complications if not done correctly. That is why it is crucial to work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure proper nutrition while following an elimination diet.

Furthermore, it is essential to address any underlying issues that may be contributing to food intolerance symptoms. Stress, lack of sleep, and other lifestyle factors can also impact digestive health and should be addressed alongside dietary changes.

 

 

Why Self-Diagnosis Can Be Problematic

While it may be tempting to self-diagnose food intolerances, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper testing and diagnosis. This is because many symptoms of food intolerance can overlap with other health conditions, making it challenging to pinpoint the exact cause.

Moreover, eliminating foods without proper guidance can lead to deficiencies and other health complications, as mentioned previously. It may also result in unnecessary dietary restrictions, limiting food choices and potentially impacting overall nutrition.

Additionally, self-diagnosis can overlook the possibility of underlying health conditions that may require medical treatment. Delaying proper diagnosis and treatment could worsen symptoms and negatively impact an individual’s health in the long run.

Furthermore, self-diagnosis can also lead to unnecessary stress and anxiety, as individuals may restrict their diet based on assumptions rather than evidence-based information. This can create a harmful mindset around food and potentially lead to disordered eating habits.

Mistakes to Avoid

When managing food intolerances, it is essential to avoid common mistakes that can hinder progress and overall health. These include:

  • Cutting out entire food groups without proper guidance: As mentioned earlier, eliminating whole food groups can lead to deficiencies and other health complications. It is crucial to work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure proper nutrition while managing food intolerances.
  • Relying solely on elimination diets: While an elimination diet may be helpful in identifying trigger foods, it should not be the only method used for managing food intolerances. Other strategies, such as mindful eating practices and seeking medical advice, should also be incorporated into a comprehensive management plan.
  • Ignoring underlying health conditions: It is essential to address any underlying issues that may be contributing to food intolerance symptoms. This includes conditions like IBS or celiac disease, which may require medical treatment for proper management.
  • Self-diagnosis and self-treatment: As discussed, self-diagnosis can be problematic and may lead to unnecessary dietary restrictions and potential health complications. It is essential to seek proper medical advice and treatment for accurate diagnosis and management.
  • Not seeking emotional support: Managing food intolerances can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. It is crucial to seek emotional support from loved ones or a mental health professional to cope with the challenges and maintain a positive mindset.
  • Not being open to trying new foods: Many individuals with food intolerances may avoid trying new foods for fear of experiencing symptoms. However, it is essential to keep an open mind and try new options that may be well-tolerated. With proper management strategies in place, individuals can still enjoy a varied and nutritious diet while managing their food intolerances.

By avoiding these common mistakes and working closely with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian, individuals can successfully manage their food intolerances and improve their overall health and well-being.

Can Food Intolerances Be Cured?

At this time, there is no cure for food intolerances. However, with proper management strategies, symptoms can be effectively managed and controlled.

It is important to remember that everyone’s body is different, and what may work for one person may not necessarily work for another. That is why it is crucial to work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to develop an individualized management plan.

In some cases, food intolerances may improve over time, especially when addressing underlying health issues and implementing lifestyle changes. However, it is important to continue monitoring symptoms and making necessary adjustments to maintain a well-managed condition.

Additionally, there are ongoing studies and research being conducted in the field of food intolerances, and there may be advancements in treatment options in the future. It is important to stay informed and consult with a healthcare professional about any new developments.

How much a diet can help?

A well-managed diet can significantly help individuals with food intolerances by reducing symptoms and improving overall health. When following an elimination diet, it is essential to have a balanced and varied meal plan that includes all necessary nutrients for proper nutrition.

Moreover, mindful eating practices such as chewing slowly, avoiding large meals, and listening to one’s body can also aid in managing symptoms and improving digestion. It is crucial to pay attention to how certain foods make an individual feel and make necessary adjustments to their diet as needed.

In some cases, individuals may benefit from supplements or probiotics to support gut health and manage food intolerances. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.

Furthermore, managing food intolerances can also have a positive impact on mental health. With improved symptoms and overall health, individuals may experience a better quality of life and reduced stress and anxiety related to their condition. By working with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian, individuals can also develop a healthy relationship with food and improve their mindset surrounding dietary restrictions.

Is Intolerance test reliable?

Yes and no – while food intolerance tests can be useful in identifying potential trigger foods, they should not be the only method used for diagnosis and management. These tests may have varying reliability and are not always entirely accurate.

Moreover, there are different types of food intolerance tests available, such as blood or skin prick tests, hair analysis, or IgG testing. Each test has its own limitations and may not accurately reflect an individual’s true food intolerances.

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before undergoing any food intolerance testing. They can help interpret the results and develop an individualized management plan based on medical history, symptoms, and other diagnostic methods.

Additionally, while these tests may identify potential trigger foods, it is important to remember that an elimination diet is still the gold standard for managing food intolerances. This method involves removing suspected trigger foods from the diet and gradually reintroducing them to identify specific triggers.

Plus, food intolerances can also change over time, and what may have been a trigger in the past may no longer be an issue. Therefore, it is crucial to regularly monitor symptoms and make necessary adjustments to one’s diet.

So, while food intolerance tests can be a helpful tool in managing symptoms and identifying trigger foods, they should not be solely relied upon for diagnosis and management. Consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for proper guidance and support in managing food intolerances.

FAQs

How can I tell the difference between food intolerance and allergies?

Food intolerances and allergies both result in adverse food reactions, but they involve different mechanisms in the body. Food intolerances primarily affect the digestive system and can lead to symptoms such as bloating, gas, or diarrhea, typically without involving the immune system. On the other hand, allergic reactions to food occur when the immune system mistakenly identifies a harmless food protein as a threat.

What are the most common signs of food sensitivities and intolerances?

The most common signs of food sensitivities and intolerances include digestive discomfort such as bloating, gas, diarrhea, and constipation. Some individuals may also experience headaches, fatigue, or skin issues like eczema. Unlike food allergies, which can cause immediate and potentially life-threatening reactions, food intolerance symptoms typically appear several hours after consuming the offending food.

How are food allergies diagnosed?

Diagnosing food allergies typically involves a combination of a detailed medical history, dietary review, and specific tests. Skin prick tests and blood tests are common methods used to identify allergic sensitivities to specific foods. Blood tests measure the level of IgE antibodies in response to certain foods, while skin prick tests evaluate skin reactions to tiny amounts of food allergens.

What strategies can help manage adverse food reactions?

Managing adverse food reactions involves avoiding triggering foods once they are identified. For food intolerances, this may mean eliminating specific foods from your diet or reducing their intake. In cases of food allergies, strict avoidance of the allergen is necessary to prevent allergic reactions.

Conclusion

In conclusion, food intolerances can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life and require proper management for symptom control. By avoiding common mistakes, seeking emotional support, and being open to trying new foods, individuals with food intolerances can effectively manage their condition and improve their overall health and well-being.

While there is no cure for food intolerances currently, a well-managed diet, along with other management strategies, can greatly improve symptoms and overall health. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for proper guidance and support in developing an individualized management plan.

Moreover, food intolerance tests should not be the only method used for diagnosis and management, as they may have varying reliability. Regular monitoring of symptoms and making necessary adjustments to one’s diet is crucial for effectively managing food intolerances. With proper management, individuals can lead a healthy and fulfilling life despite their food intolerances.

 

 

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